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21 December 2010 @ 09:48 am
"Under Heaven" by Guy Gavriel Kay  
The December selection for calico_reaction's book club was "Under Heaven" by Guy Gavriel Kay (book 51). The story is set in Kitai, an analogue of Tang dynasty China, and according to wikipedia is based on an actual event (the An Shi Rebellion) in the 8th Century. My lasting impression of the book is that it was subtle, mannered, delicate and cleverer than I am!

The main protagonist is Shen Tai, the second son of a recently deceased General - his elder brother (Shen Liu) is a bureaucrat in the capital, he himself was about to take the exams to become a bureaucrat when his father died. During the traditional 2 year mourning period Shen Tai breaks with tradition by going to the north of the country & starts to bury the one hundred thousand dead in the battle which lead to his father's most famous victory - to show honour to his father. The story opens with him being given a gift (of 250 horses - an overwhelmingly rich gift) by the Kitan bride of the ruler of the defeated country, in recognition of his labours. And a friend arrives to bring him urgent news.

And from there, intrigue and politics ensue partly hidden by a veneer of courtly manners. The narrative has a great sense of how the little personal things are important to history - if Shen Tai hadn't been in love with the Prime Minister (Wen Zhou)'s new concubine (Spring Rain), then there would have been no animosity between them. If Wen Zhou hadn't been so keen on triumphing over a political rival (An Li), then he wouldn't've backed An Li into a corner and there would've been no rebellion. Events in Shen Tai's past set in train the events that save his sister from her arranged marriage (and change the ruler of another kingdom).

The machinations of court and the protocol & honour-driven society are well drawn, so much so that it felt like there was always more going on under the surface than I really had a handle on. I spent a fair chunk of the book half-wishing that one of the characters would tell me what was going on, just so I could check I'd figured it all out. But then towards the end there was a bit of a tone shift and the narrative started to include paragraphs that started with things like "At least three historians of a later dynasty, ..." which explained bits & pieces and I wasn't quite sure if I liked having got what I'd wished for ;) I was also not entirely convinced by the wrapping up of all the loose ends - it makes sense from the perspective of this being a history (so we know what happened to everyone), but at the start there isn't that sense of distance from the events and characters. And I'm not sure the shift worked for me.

It's a bit of a hard book to categorise - it's not quite a historical novel, because it's not set in a real place & time. It's not quite alternate history, because it's not extrapolating forward from a change. I suppose it could be called fantasy, but I feel like it's too close to the real world to quite fit in that genre (it's got the wrong flavour to it).

I did enjoy the book overall, I'm just not quite sure I worked out all of what was going on.
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magidmagid on December 21st, 2010 12:28 pm (UTC)
I just reread it last weekend, and it felt like there was still much I hadn't remembered, or caught, from the first time.

As to how to categorise it, it doesn't have the bits of magic that some of his other alternate histories did, so it's harder to call sf in any of it's guises, but I bet many bookshops are putting it there anyway, because that's where his readers would expect it to be. Though perhaps the shaman wolf-man parts could be that.
Margaretpling on December 21st, 2010 06:23 pm (UTC)
I thought the shaman stuff & the fox-woman stuff were well done in that you could tell the characters believed it, but it wasn't clear if it really happened (as it would if the story was fantasy) or not.
magidmagid on December 21st, 2010 11:12 pm (UTC)
To me, the fox-woman stuff was definitely about character belief, but the wolf-man was different, magic gone awry.
Lolamilkmaid on December 22nd, 2010 09:24 am (UTC)
I find that with Kay's books - very clever, very subtle and enjoyable but I'm not sure I'm always in the loop. I've not read this one but Tigana is the same. Loved it, but at the end I always think 'That wasn't about this man and his life at all. It's much bigger than that.' I'm always amazed how he makes you think you're reading one thing and you find suddenly that, in fact, you're reading something far more complex. 8D Thanks for this one though, I'll put it on my reading list.
Calico Reactioncalico_reaction on January 2nd, 2011 06:14 pm (UTC)
My friend, who introduced me to Kay's work, calls this stuff fake historical fantasy, which I think is as good a term as any. :)

Glad you got to read this, even if it wasn't a home run!